Perception of students about Team-based learning (TBL) Problem-based learning (PBL)

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Khizar Ansar Malik



Background: Medical teaching has evolved over the past few years, from traditional teaching methods such as lectures and practical classes using blackboard, slide projector to more student-centered activities such as self-directed learning, problem based learning (PBL) and team-based learning (TBL) Problem based learning is an integral part of our MBBS curriculum. We introduced TBL to 2nd year MBBS students in Pharmacology department, who are also practicing PBL in 2nd year.

Aim: The aim of the study was to know student’s perception about TBL and PBL.

Methods:  Students were asked to fill the questionnaire regarding each teaching strategy anonymously using both, open and closed ended questions. The data was analyzed by using SPSS version 21.

Results: A total of 120 students filled the questionnaire regarding their perception about TBL, and 94 students filled the questionnaire regarding PBL. Students found the readiness assurance tests and immediate feedback effective for their learning in TBL. While for PBL, students found that different point of views were respected by group members and there is better integration among different disciplines in PBL.

Conclusion: It is the need of the hour to include new strategies in our curriculum which promotes team work and effective communication skills. Both PBL and TBL have advantages of their own and can provide better student learning if incorporated in a medical curriculum, keeping in view the students responses in our study.

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