ROLE OF WHATSAPP® IN MEDICAL EDUCATION: A LITERATURE REVIEW

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Noor-i-Kiran Naeem, Dr.
Rehan Ahmed Khan, Dr.
Haris Iqbal, Dr.

Abstract

ABSTRACT


BackgroundThis review is aimed to find out how WhatsApp® has been integrated into medical education. A systematic review of the current literature was performed, links to prior reviews were drawn and implications for the future were discussed.


Methods: Three databases (PubMed, ERIC and Science Direct) were searched after defining the inclusion criteria. Key information from the articles was methodically abstracted and discussed in the categories research type, study design, participants' level of medical education and study content along with the use of WhatsApp® in Medical education and its perceived advantages and disadvantages.


Results: Fourteen articles met the inclusion criteria. Results showed that 40-76% of medical students had a WhatsApp® account out of which 30- 60% used WhatsApp® for educational purposes. WhatsApp® was used to communicate with fellow students and faculty, share information online and participate in discussions groups.


Conclusion: WhatsApp® influences a myriad of aspects of medical education at the undergraduate and graduate level. Despite an increase in the use of WhatsApp® in medical education, there is a lack of conclusive evidence in terms of its educational effectiveness.

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